A social institution may be defined as an organizational system which functions to satisfy basic social needs by providing an ordered framework linking the individual to the larger culture.

1. Institution Satisfy the Basic Needs of Society.

2. Institution Define Dominant Social Values.

3. Institutions Establish Permanent Patterns of Social Behavior

4. Institutions Support Other Institutions.

5. Institutions Provide Roles for Individuals .

1. The control and regulation of sexual behavior.

2. To provide for new members of society (children).

3. To provide for the economic and emotional maintenace of individuals.

4. To provide for primary socialization of children.

1. Providing solutions for unexplained natural, phenomena.

2. Supplying a means for controlling the natural world.

3. Religion tends to support the normative structure of the society.

4. Furnishing a psychological diversion from unwanted life situations.

5. Sustaining the existing class structure.

6. Religion serves as an instrument of socialization.

7. Religion may both promote and retard social change.

8. Religion may both reduce and encourage conflict in groups.

1. The Institutionalization of norms (Laws).

2. The enforcement of laws.

3. The adjudication of conflict (Court).

4. Provide for the welfare of members of society.

5. Protection of Society from external threat.

1. Transmitting culture.

2. Preparation for occupational roles

3. Evaluating and Selecting competent individuals

4. Transmitting functional skills for functoning in society.

1. Provide methods for the production of goods and services.

2. Provide methods for the distribution of goods and services.

3. Enable societies members to consume goods and services which are produced.

All activities have, or result in certain functions. These functions may be thought of as the effects of an activity.

The concept of manifest and latent function was introduced into sociology by Robert K. Merton (1910-???)

Manifest Function are those functions which are both recognized and intended.

Latent Function are those functions which are neither intended nor readily recognized.

Some Web Sites to visit:

American Association of Community Colleges

Association for Managing and Using Information Resources in Higher Education

The Center for Education Reform

The Goerge Lucas Educational Foundation

Global Network Academy

National Council for Social Studies

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